CONSONANT SEQUENCE REDUCTION IN CHILD PHONOLOGY

Kolawole Adeniyi, Tolulope Adeniyi

Abstract


This article describesconsonant sequence reduction in the speech of four children acquiring Yoruba and English concurrently. It is argued that the two children acquiring English primarily and Yoruba secondarily simply delete the most sonorous members of consonant sequences in a manner consistent with the sonority hierarchy, but the children acquiring Yoruba primarily and English secondarily reduce consonant sequences throughcoalescence. This is apparent in sequences containing sonorants plus voiceless obstruents as inputs, but which consistently have only the voiced counterpart of the input voiceless obstruent in the output.We argue that the voicing of the underlyingly voiceless obstruents in this case is from the input sonorant. It is also reported that where the child’s primary language is Yoruba, mastery of consonant sequences is slower than where it is English. It is argued that this is because these sequences are limited to only homorganic nasal plus a following consonant, whereas clusters are more frequently encountered in English.


Keywords


consonant sequence; homorganic nasal; coalescence; obstruents; sonority hierarchy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adeniyi, K., 2009.The Typology of Three-Tone Systems: Ebira, Ghotuo, Yala (Ikom), and Yoruba. M.A. Project, Department of Linguistics and African Languages, University of Ibadan

Adeniyi, K., 2015a.Notes on Yoruba Child Phonology. Papers in English and Linguistics 16 (12): 1-16

Adeniyi, K., 2015b. Hybrid Sounds in Yoruba. Ihafa:A Journal of African Studies 7 (1): 1-20

Akinlabi, A. 2004.The sound system of Yoruba. In: Lawal, N.S, Sadiku, M.N.O. and Dopamu, A. (eds). Understanding life and culture: Yoruba. NJ: Africa World Press Inc., 453-468.

Awobuluyi, O., 1978. Essentials of Yoruba Grammar. Ibadan: Oxford University Press

Bamgboṣe, A., 1990.Fonólọ́jì àtigírámà Yorùbá. Ibadan: University Press Plc.

Braine, M.D.S., 1976. A review of “The acquisition of phonology: a case study.” Language 52.2:490-498, accessed 12.12.2014 on JSTOR.

Buckley, E., 2003. Children's Unnatural Phonology. In P. Nowak and C.Yoquelet,eds., Proceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society,pp. 523-534.Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.

Demuth, K., 2011.The acquisition of phonology.In J. Goldsmith, J.Riggleand A. C.L. Yu, eds., The Handbook of Phonological Theory, 2nd edition, pp. 571-595. Oxford: Blackwell.

Dinnsen, D.A., 2002. A reconsideration of children’s phonological representations.In B. Skarabela, S. Fish and A. H.-J. Do, eds., Proceedings of the 26th Boston University Conference on Language Development, pp. 1-23. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Dinnsen, D.A. andL.W. McGarrity, 2004.On the nature of alternations in phonological acquisition.Studies in Phonetics, Phonology, and Morphology 11:23-42.

Egbokhare, F.O., 1990. A Phonology of Emai. Ph.D Thesis, Department of Linguistics and African Languages, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Goad, H. and Y. Rose,2001.Headedness versus Sonority in Cluster Reduction. In A.Okrent and J. P. Boyle,eds., Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society, Vol. 36, pp. 109-123. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Goldsmith, J., 1976. Autosegmental phonology. Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT.

Hyman, Larry M., 2001.“On the limits of phonetic determinism in phonology.” In E. Hume and K. Johnson, eds., The role of speech perception in phonology. New York: Academic press.

Jibril, M.M.1982.Phonological variation in Nigerian English.Ph.D. Thesis, University of Lancaster, United Kingdom.

Jowitt, D., 1991.Nigerian English usage: an introduction. Ikeja: Longman.

Laniran, Y.O. and G.N. Clements, 2003. Downstep and high raising: interacting factors in Yoruba tone Production. Journal of Phonetics 31:203-250.

Matthews, P.H., 2007.Oxford concise dictionary of linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McMahon, A., 2002. An introduction to English phonology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Napoli, D. J., 1996. Linguistics: an introduction. New York: Oxford University Press

Owolabi, K., 2011. Ìjìnlẹ̀ ìtúpalẹ̀ èdè Yorùbá I: fònẹ́tíìkì àtifonólójì. Ibadan: Universal Akada Books Nigeria Limited

Radford, A.,M. Atkinson, D. Britain, H. Clahsen, andA. Spencer, 2009.Linguistics: an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rose, Y., 2009. Internal and External Influences on Child Language Productions. In I. Chitoran, F. Pellegrino and E.Marsico,eds., Approaches to Phonological Complexity, pp. 329-351. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Rose, Y. and S.Inkelas, 2011.The interpretation of phonological patterns in first language acquisition. In C. Ewen, E. Hume, M. van Oostendorp and K. Rice,eds., The Blackwell Companion to Phonology, pp. 2414-2438. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell.

Taiwo, O. & K. Adeniyi. 2011. The Emergence of Nonconforming Syllables in Yoruba. Ago-Iwoye Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Vol. 2: 111-120.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjl.v6i1.74

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.